Martin Thöni, Ao. Univ. Prof. Dr., i.R.

Martin Thöni

Martin Thöni (Foto: Christian Stocker)

Zimmer: 2A487
Tel.: +43-1-4277-53458

Research Interests:

  • Geochronology and radiogenic isotope geochemistry in a broad sense
  • Long-term evolution / recycling of the different reservoirs on Earth, by utilizing the Nd (continental crust) and Sr (ocean) isotope inventory
  • Isotopic dating of metamorphism and deformation, mainly using the Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr mineral dating techniques (Alps, Himalayas, pre-Cambrian cratons)
  • Improvement of micro-analytical techniques for ID-TIMS: optical and chemical control of micro-domains, mg-/sub-mg microsampling and high-precision TIMS-analysis of ng-size sample loads (e.g., applied to garnet and REE-rich accessories) with the aim of sample minimisation vs improvement of age resolution in polymetamorphic assemblages.

Research projects:

  • 2002-2006: Project P15644, funded by the FWF: Variscan vs Permian-Triassic metamorphism in the Austroalpine Basement units (AAB) of the Eastern Alps: a mineral chemical and radiogenic isotope approach (Co-Investigator: Ch. Miller).
  • 1999-2002: "The eo-Alpine high-pressure belt: Kinematics of the emplacement of Cretaceous eclogites in the Austroalpine units of the Eastern Alps" (Co-Investigator: B. Grasemann); Project P13227-GEO, funded by the Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung in Österreich (FWF).
  • 1994-1996: "Vergleichende Untersuchungen an Magmatiten und deren metamorphen Derivaten: ihre Bedeutung für die geotektonische Entwicklung im Ostalpenraum" funded by the FWF (P09705-GEO).
  • 1993-1995: "Eklogite im ostalpinen Kristallin südlich des Tauernfensters (Schobergruppe)" (Principal Investigator: W. Richter); funded by the FWF.
  • 1988-1990: "Sm/Nd-Untersuchungen an ostalpinen Eklogiten" Project P6689-GEO funded by the FWF.
  • 1988-1993: "Die Bauprinzipien des variszischen Orogens und die Entwicklung der paläozoischen kontinentalen Kruste in Österreich" (Coordinator: V. Höck); Co-Investigator in a Joint Research Program funded by the FWF (S4700-GEO).
  • 1984-1986: "Ötztal-Querprofil" (Principal Investigator: G. Hoinkes); Co-Investigator in a project funded by the FWF (P5150).
  • 1978-1983: "Der Tiefbau der Ostalpen", "Die frühalpine Geschichte der Ostalpen" Co-Investigator in a Joint Research Program funded by the FWF (Schwerpunktprojekt N25 and S15)
  • 1977-1980: "Geology of the Ladakh Himalaya" (Principal Investigators: A. Gansser, V. Trommsdorff); Co-Investigator in a project funded by the Swiss National Foundation
  • 1973-1975: "Metamorphoseentwicklung im Kulu- Querschnitt, Himachal Pradesh, NW Himalaya, Indien" (Principal Investigator: W. Frank); Co-Investigator in a project funded by the FWF.


SAHA, A., GANGULY, S., RAY, J., KOEBERL, C., THÖNI, M., SARBAJNA, C. and SAWANT, S.S., 2017: Petrogenetic evolution of Cretaceous Samchampi-Samteran Alkaline Complex, Mikir Hills, Northeastern India: Implications on multiple melting events of heterogeneous plume and metasomatized sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Gondwana Research, 48, 237–256.

BHARGAVA, O. N., THÖNI, M., MILLER, C., 2016: Isotopic evidence of Early Palaeozoic metamorphism in the Lesser Himalaya (Jutogh Group), Himachal Pradesh, India: its implication. – Himalayan Geology, 37 (2), 73-84.

BHARGAVA, O. N., THÖNI, M., MILLER, C., 2015: Early Palaeozoic garnets in the Jutogh Group, Himachal Himalaya, India: Its regional implication. -  30th Himalaya-Karakorum-Tibet Workshop – 2015, WIHG, Dehradun, India, pp. 5-6.

EBERLEI, T., HABLER, G., WEGNER, W., SCHUSTER, R., KÖRNER, W., THÖNI, M., ABART, R., 2015: Rb/Sr isotopic and compositional retentivity of muscovite during deformation. – Lithos, 227, 161–178.

CHAUDHURI, S., RAY, J., KOEBERL, C., THÖNI, M., DUTTA, R., SAHA, A., BANERJEE, M., 2014: Petrology and geochemistry of the ultramafic-mafic Mawpyut complex, Meghalaya: A Sylhet trap differentiation centre in northeastern India. - Geological Journal, 49/2, 111-128.

ZEITLHOFER, H., SCHNEIDER, D., GRASEMANN, B., PETRAKAKIS, K., THÖNI, M., 2014: Polyphase tectonics and late Variscan extension in Austria (Moldanubian Zone, Strudengau area). - International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103/1, 83-102.

GANGULY, S., RAY, J., KOEBERL, C., SAHA, A., THÖNI, M., BALARAM, V., 2014: Geochemistry and petrogenesis of lava flows around Linga, Chhindwara area in the Eastern Deccan Volcanic Province (EDVP), India. - Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 91, 174-193.

RAY, J., SAHA, A., KOEBERL, C., THÖNI, M., GANGULY, S., HAZRA, S., 2013: Geochemistry and petrogenesis of Proterozoic mafic rocks from East Khasi Hills, Shillong Plateau, Northeastern India. –  Precambrian Res., 230, 119-137.

NGO BELNOUN, R.N., TCHOUANKOUÉ, J.P., ITIGA, Z., SIMENI WAMBO, N.A., OWONA, S., KOLLER, F., THÖNI, M., 2013: Geochemistry of the Bayon Plutonic Complex – Western Cameroon. – Global Journal of Geological Sciences, 11, 73-93.

KARAOGLAN, F., PARLAK, O., ROBERTSON, A., THÖNI, M., KLÖTZLI, U., KOLLER, F., OKAY, A.I., 2013: Evidence of Eocene high-temperature/high-pressure metamorphism of ophiolitic rocks and granitoid intrusion related to Neotethyan subduction processes (Dogansehir area, SE Anatolia). – In: A.H.F. Robertson, O. Parlak, Ü.C. Ünlügenç (Eds.): Geological Development of Anatolia and the Easternmost Mediterranean Region. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 372/1, 249–272.

KARAOGLAN, F., PARLAK, O., KLÖTZLI, U., THÖNI, M., KOLLER, F., 2013: U-Pb and Sm-Nd geochronology of the Kizildag (Hatay, Turkey) ophiolite: implications for the timing and duration of suprasubduction zone type oceanic crust formation in the southern Neotethys. –  Geol. Mag., 150/2, 283-299.

KARAOGLAN, F., PARLAK, O., KLÖTZLI, U., THÖNI, M., KOLLER, F., 2012: U-Pb and Sm-Nd geochronology of the ophiolites from the SE Turkey: Implications for the Neotethyan evolution. - Geodinamica Acta, 25/3-4, 146-161.

NANTASIN, P., HAUZENBERGER, C., LIU, X., KRENN, K., DONG, Y., THÖNI, M., WATHANAKUL, P., 2012: Occurrence of the high grade Thabsila metamorphic complex within the low grade Three Pagodas shear zone, Kanchanaburi Province, western Thailand: Petrology and Geochronology. – Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 60, 68-87.

KANJANAPAYONT, P., KLÖTZLI, U., THÖNI, M., GRASEMANN, B., EDWARDS, M.A., 2012: Rb–Sr, Sm–Nd, and U–Pb geochronology of the rocks within the Khlong Marui shear zone, southern Thailand. – Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 56, 263-275.

MOUSSALLAM, Y., SCHNEIDER, D.A., JANÁK, M., THÖNI, M., HOLM, D.K., 2012: Heterogeneous extrusion and exhumation of deep-crustal Variscan assembly: Geochronology of the Western Tatra Mountains, northern Slovakia. –  Lithos, 144-145, 88-108.

THÖNI, M., MILLER, C., HAGER, C., GRASEMANN, B., HORSCHINEGG, M., 2012: New geochronological constraints on the thermal and exhumation history of the Lesser and Higher Himalayan Crystalline Units in the Kullu-Kinnaur area of Himachal Pradesh (India). – Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 52, 98-116.

MILLER, C., ZANETTI, A., THÖNI, M., KONZETT, J.,  KLÖTZLI, U., 2012: Mafic and silica-rich glasses in mantle xenoliths from Wau-en-Namus, Libya: Textural and geochemical evidence for peridotite–melt reactions. – Lithos, 128, 11-26.

MILLER, C., THÖNI, M., GOESSLER, W., TESSADRI, R., 2011: Origin and age of the Eisenkappel gabbro to granite suite (Carinthia, SE Austrian Alps). – Lithos, 125, 434-448.

HOINKES, G., KOLLER, F., DEMÉNY, A., SCHUSTER, R., MILLER, C., THÖNI, M., KURZ, W., KRENN, K., WALTER, F., 2010: Metamorphism in the Eastern Alps. –IMA2010 field trip guide AT1. 47 pp. (Szeged).

FERRIÈRE, L., KOEBERL, C., THÖNI, M., LIANG, C., 2010: Single crystal U-Pb zircon age and Sr-Nd isotopic composition of impactites from the Bosumtwi impact structure, Ghana: Comparison with country rocks and Ivory Coast tektites. – Chemical Geology, 275, 254-261.

THÖNI, M., MILLER, C., 2010: Andalusite formation in a fast exhuming high-P wedge: Textural, microchemical, and Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr age constraints for a Cretaceous P-T-t path at Kienberg, Saualpe (Eastern Alps). – Austr. J. Earth Sci., 103/2, 118-131.

NEUBAUER, F., LIU, Y., GENSER, J., RIESER, A.B., FRIEDL, G.,  GE, X., THÖNI, M., 2010. Quaternary celestine and gypsum extensional veins in a folded hypersaline lake infill: the Qaidam Basin, western China. – Austr. J. Earth Sci., 103/2, 81-91.

GALLIEN, F., MOGESSIE, A., BJERG, E., DELPINO, S., CASTRO DE MACHUCA, B., THÖNI, M., KLÖTZLI, U., 2010: Timing and rate of granulite facies metamorphism and cooling from multi-mineral chronology on migmatitic gneisses, Sierras de La Huerta and Valle Fértil, NW Argentina. - Lithos, 114, 229-252.

HABLER, G., THÖNI, M., GRASEMANN, B., 2009: Cretaceous metamorphism in the Austroalpine Matsch Unit (Eastern Alps): The interrelation between deformation and chemical equilibration processes. – Mineral. Petrol., 97, 149-171.

BJERG, E.A., NTAFLOS, T., THÖNI, M., ALIANI, P., LABUNDIA, C.H., 2009: Heterogeneous Lithospheric Mantle beneath Northern Patagonia: Evidence from Prahuaniyeu Garnet- and Spinel-Peridotites. - J. Petrol., 50 (7), 1267-1298.

HALODA, J., TYCOVA, P., KOROTEV, R.L., FERNANDES, V.A., BURGESS, R., THÖNI, M., JELENC, M., JAKES, P., GABZDYL, P., KOSLER, J., 2009: Petrology, Geochemistry, and age of low-Ti mare-basalt meteorite Northeast Africa 003-A: A possible member of the Apollo 15 mare basaltic suite. Geochim. - Cosmochimica Acta, 73, 3450-3470.

THÖNI, M., MILLER, C., 2009: The „Permian event“ in the Eastern Alps: Sm-Nd and P–T data recorded by multi-stage garnet from the Plankogel unit. – Chem. Geol., 260, 20-36.

THÖNI, M., MILLER, C., BLICHERT-TOFT, J., WHITEHOUSE, M.J., KONZETT, J., ZANETTI, A., 2008: Timing of high-pressure metamorphism and exhumation of the eclogite type-locality (Kupplerbrunn–Prickler Halt, Saualpe, south-eastern Austria): constraints from correlations of the Sm–Nd, Lu–Hf, U–Pb and Rb–Sr isotopic systems. – J. metamorphic Geol., 26, 561-581.

IGLSEDER, C., GRASEMANN, B., SCHNEIDER, D.A., PETRAKAKIS, K., MILLER, C., KLÖTZLI, U., THÖNI, M., ZÁMOLYI, A., RAMBOUSEK, C. (2009): I and S-type Plutonism on Serifos (W-Cyclades, Greece). Tectonophysics, 473, 1-2, 69-83. doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2008.09.021

THÖNI, M., MILLER, C., ZANETTI, A., HABLER, G., GOESSLER, W., 2008: Sm–Nd isotope systematics of high-REE accessory minerals and major phases: ID-TIMS, LA-ICP-MS and EPMA data constrain multiple Permian–Triassic pegmatite emplacement in the Koralpe, Eastern Alps. – Chem. Geol., 254, 216-237.

BESTMANN, M., HABLER, G., HEIDELBACH, F., THÖNI. M., 2008: Dynamic recrystallization of garnet and related diffusion processes. – J. Struct. Geol., 30/6, 777-790.

MILLER, C., ZANETTI, A., THÖNI, M., KONZETT, J., 2007: Eclogitisation of gabbroic rocks: Redistribution of trace elements and Zr in rutile thermometry in an Eo-Alpine subduction zone (Eastern Alps). - Chem. Geol., 239, 96-123.

HABLER, G., THÖNI, M., MILLER, C., 2007: Major and trace element and Sm-Nd age correlation of magmatic pegmatite garnet overprinted by eclogite–facies metamorphism. - Chem. Geol., 241, 4-22.

MILLER, C., KONZETT, J., TIEPOLO, M., ARMSTRONG, R.A., THÖNI, M., 2007: Jadeite-gneiss from the Eclogite Zone, Tauern Window, Eastern Alps, Austria: Metamorphic, geochemical and zircon record of a sedimentary protolith. - Lithos, 93, 68-88.

HAUZENBERGER, C.A., SOMMER, H., FRITZ, H., BAUERNHOFER, A., KRÖNER, A., HOINKES, G., WALLBRECHER, E., THÖNI, M., 2007: SHRIMP U-Pb zircon and Sm-Nd garnet ages from the granulite-facies basement of SE Kenya: evidence for Neoproterozoic polycyclic assembly of the Mozambique Belt. - J. Geol. Soc. London, 164, 189-201.

THÖNI, M., 2006: Dating eclogite-facies metamorphism in the Eastern Alps - approaches, results, interpretations: a review. - Mineral. Petrol., 88, 123-148.

HABLER, G., THÖNI, M., SÖLVA, H., 2006: Tracing the high pressure stage in the polymetamorphic Texel Complex (Austroalpine basement unit, Eastern Alps): P-T-t-d constraints*. - Mineral. Petrol., 88, 269-296.

RICE, A.H.N., HABLER, G., CARRUPT, E., COTZA, G., WIESMAYR, G., SCHUSTER, R., SÖLVA, H., THÖNI, M., KOLLER, F., 2006: Textural sector-zoning in garnet: theoretical patterns and natural examples from Alpine metamorphic rocks. – Austrian J. Earth Sci., 99, 70-89.

MILLER, C., THÖNI, M., KONZETT, J., KURZ, W., SCHUSTER, R., 2005: Eclogites from the Koralpe and Saualpe type-localities, Eastern Alps, Austria. - Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 150, 227-263.

MILLER, C., MUNDIL, R., THÖNI, M., KONZETT, J., 2005: Refining the timing of eclogite metamorphism: a geochemical, petrological, Sm-Nd and U-Pb case study from the Pohorje Mountains, Slovenia (Eastern Alps). - Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 150, 70-84.

SÖLVA, H., GRASEMANN, B., THÖNI, M., THIEDE, R., HABLER, G., 2005: The Schneeberg Normal Fault Zone: Normal faulting associated with Cretaceous SE-directed extrusion in the Eastern Alps (Italy/Austria). - Tectonophysics, 401, 143-166.

KONZETT, J., MILLER, C., ARMSTRONG, R., THÖNI, M., 2005: Metamorphic Evolution of Iron-rich Mafic Cumulates from the Ötztal-Stubai Crystalline Complex, Eastern Alps, Austria. - J. Petrology, 46 (4), 717-747.

HABLER, G., THÖNI, M., MILLER, C., SCHUSTER, R., 2005: Grt Sm-Nd and mineral chemical data of meta-pegmatites and their metapelitic host rock: relating Permo-Triassic magmatic events to the polymetamorphic evolution of Austroalpine basement units (Eastern Alps). - Geophysical Research Abstracts, 7, 09060 (EGU05-A-09060).

THÖNI, M., MILLER, Ch., 2004: Ordovician meta-pegmatite garnet (N-W Ötztal basement, Tyrol, Eastern Alps): preservation of magmatic garnet chemistry and Sm-Nd age during mylonitization. - Chem. Geol., 209, 1-26.

TUMIATI, S., THÖNI, M., NIMIS, P., MARTIN, S., MAIR, V., 2003: Mantle-crust interactions during Variscan subduction in the Eastern Alps (Nonsberg-Ulten Zone): geochronology and new petrological constraints. - Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 210 (3-4), 509-526.

MILLER, CH., THÖNI, M., FRANK, W., SCHUSTER, R., MELCHER, F., MEISEL, T., 2003: Geochemistry and tectonomagmatic affinity of the Yungbwa ophiolite, SW Tibet. - Lithos, 66, 155-172.

SÖLVA, H., THÖNI, M., HABLER, G., 2003: Dating a single garnet crystal with very high Sm/Nd ratios (Campo basement unit, Eastern Alps). - Eur. J. Mineral., 15, 35-42.

KOLLER, F., PUMHÖSL, H., THÖNI, M., FARYAD, S. W., SEIFERT-FALKNER, C., FRANK, W., MILLER, C., SATIR, M., 2002: Permian gabbroic intrusions within the Lower Austroalpine Grobgneiss Unit (Eastern Alps): Origin, evolution and tectonic setting. Geologica Carpathica, Special Issue, Proceedings of XVII. Congress of Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association, Bratislava, September 1-4, 2002, Volume 53, 4 pp.

THÖNI, M., 2002: Sm-Nd isotope systematics in garnet from different lithologies (Eastern Alps): age results, and an evaluation of potential problems for Sm-Nd garnet chronometry. - Chem. Geol. (Isotope Geosci. Sect.), 185/3-4, 255-281.

EXNER, U., GRASEMANN, B., THÖNI, M., MILLER, CH., 2002: Relative chronology and absolute age dating related to eo-Alpine high-pressure metamorphism and Oligocene magmatism in the SE Ötztal complex (Texel Group, South Tyrol, Italy). - Mitt. Naturwiss. Ver. Steiermark, 132, 63-82.

THÖNI, M., 2002: Garnet chronometry in the Eastern Alps: insight into the polyphase nature of a composite orogenic structure. - Mem. Sci. Geol., 54, 163-166.

MILLER, CH., KLÖTZLI, U., FRANK, W., THÖNI, M., GRASEMANN, B., 2001: Comment on "Geochemistry of the 2.51 Ga old Rampur group pelites, western Himalayas: implications for their provenence and weathering" by Bhat and Gosh 2001. - Precambrian Res., 116, 115-156.

SÖLVA, H., THÖNI, M., GRASEMANN, B., LINNER, M., 2001: Emplacement of eo-Alpine high-pressure rocks in the Austroalpine Ötztal complex (Texel group, Italy/Austria). - Geodinamica Acta, 14, 345-360.

HABLER, G., THÖNI, M., 2001: Preservation of Permo-Triassic low-pressure assemblages in the Cretaceous high-pressure metamorphic Saualpe crystalline basement (Eastern Alps, Austria). - J. metamorphic Geology, 19 (6), 679-697.

MILLER, CH., THÖNI, M., FRANK, W., GRASEMANN, B., KLÖTZLI, U., GUNTLI, P., DRAGANITS, E., 2001: The early Palaeozoic magmatic event in the Northwest Himalaya, India: source, tectonic setting and age of emplacement. - Geol. Mag., 138, 237-251.

MILLER, CH., KLÖTZLI, U., FRANK, W., THÖNI, M., GRASEMANN, B., 2000: Proterozoic crustal evolution in the NW Himalaya (India) as recorded by circa 1.80 Ga mafic and 1.84 Ga granitic magmatism. Precambrian Res., 103, 191-206.

THÖNI, M., MILLER, CH., 2000: Permo-Triassic pegmatites in the eo-Alpine eclogite-facies Koralpe complex, Austria: age and magma source constraints from mineral chemical, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotope data. Schweiz.Mineral.Petrogr. Mitt., 80/2, 169-186.

THÖNI, M., 1999: A review of geochronological data from the Eastern Alps. - Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 79, 209-230.

MÜLLER, W., DALLMEYER, R. D., NEUBAUER, F., THÖNI, M., 1999: Deformation-induced resetting of Rb/Sr and 40Ar/39Ar mineral systems in a low-grade, polymetamorphic terrane (Eastern Alps, Austria). - J. Geol. Soc. London, 156, 261-278.

KLÖTZLI, U., FRANK, W., SCHARBERT, S., THÖNI, M., 1999: Evolution of the SE Bohemian Massif Based on Geochronological Data - A Review. - Jb. Geol. B.-A., 141 (4), 377-394.

HOINKES, G., THÖNI, M., LICHEM, CH., BERNHARD, F., KAINDL, R., SCHWEIGL, J., TROPPER, P., COSCA, M., 1997: Metagranitoids and associated metasediments as indicators for the pre-Alpine magmatic and metamorphic evolution of the western Ötztal Basement (Kaunertal, Tirol). - Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 77, 299-314.

MILLER, CH., THÖNI, M., 1997: Eo-Alpine eclogitisation of Permian MORB-type gabbros in the Koralpe (Eastern Alps, Austria): new gochronological, geochemical and petrological data. - Chem. Geol. (Isotope Geosci. Sect.), 137, 283-310.

BERNHARD, F., KLÖTZLI, U.S., THÖNI, M., HOINKES, G., 1996: Age, origin and geodynamic significance of a polymetamorphic felsic intrusion in the Ötztal Crystalline Basement, Tirol, Austria. - Mineralogy and Petrology, 58, 171-196.

LANTSCHNER, M., LEIN, R., THÖNI, M., 1996: Kristallingerölle in Liasbuntkalken der Lechtaler Alpen. - Mitt. Ges. Geol.-Bergbaustud. Österr., 39/40, 211-220, Wien.

THÖNI, M., 1996: Isotopengeologie und Geochronologie - Einsatzmöglichkeiten in der Geologie. - Mitt. Ges. Geol.- Bergbaustud. Österr., 39/40, 187-209, Wien.

THÖNI, M., MILLER, CH., 1996: Garnet Sm-Nd data from the Saualpe and the Koralpe (Eastern Alps, Austria): chronological and PT constraints on the thermal and tectonic history. - J. metamorphic Geology, 14, 453-466.

MELI, S., MONTANINI, A., THÖNI, M, FRANK, W., 1996: Age of Mafic Granulite Blocks from the External Liguride Units (Northern Appenines, Italy). - Mem. Sci. Geol., 48, 65-72, Padova.

FINGER, F., FRASL, G., DUDEK, A., JELINEK, E., THÖNI, M., 1995: Caledonian Plutonism in the Moravo-Silesian Basement. - [in:] DALLMEYER, R.D., FRANKE, W., WEBER, K. (eds): Pre-Permian Geology of Central and Eastern Europe, 495-507, Berlin (Springer).

MILLER, CH., THÖNI, M., 1995: Origin of eclogites from the Austroalpine Ötztal basement (Tirol, Austria): geochemistry and Sm-Nd vs. Rb-Sr isotope systematics. - Chemical Geology (Isotope Geoscience Section), 122, 199-225, Amsterdam (Elsevier).

DE CAPITANI, L., DELITALA, M.C., LIBORIO, G., MOTTANA, A., RODEGHIERO, F., THÖNI, M., 1994: The granitoid rocks of Val Navazze, Val Torgola and Val di Rango (Val Trompia, Lombardy, Italy). - Mem. Sci. Geol., 46, 329-343, Padova.

NTAFLOS, Th., THÖNI, M., YIN, Q., 1993: Geochemie der Ultentaler Ultramafitite. – Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 138, 169-177.

HOINKES, G., THÖNI, M., 1993: Evolution of the Ötztal-Stubai, Scarl-Campo and Ulten Basement Units. - [in:] von RAUMER, J.F., NEUBAUER, F. (eds.): Pre-Mesozoic Geology in the Alps, 485-494, Berlin (Springer).

THÖNI, M., JAGOUTZ, E., 1993: Isotopic constraints for eo-Alpine high-P metamorphism in the Austroalpine nappes of the Eastern Alps: Its Bearing on Alpine orogenesis. - Schweiz. mineralog. petrogr. Mitt., 73, 177-189.

THÖNI, M., MOTTANA, A., DELITALA, M.C., DE CAPITANI, L., LOBORIO, G., 1992: The Val Biandino composite pluton: A Late Hercynian intrusion into the South-Alpine metamorphic basement of the Alps (Italy). - N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 1992/12, 545-554.

THÖNI, M., JAGOUTZ, E., 1992: Some new aspects of dating eclogites in orogenic belts: Sm-Nd, Rb-Sr and Pb-Pb isotopic results from the Austroalpine Saualpe and Koralpe type-locality (Carinthia/Styria, SE Austria). - Geochim. Cosmochimica Acta, 56, 347-368.

THÖNI, M., 1991: Neue Rb/Sr-Daten an Mineralien und Gesteinen des Leopold von Buch-Denkmals und am Tonalit von Schaitten. - Mitt. Ges. Geol. Bergbaustud. Österr., 37, 157-162, Wien.

HOINKES, G., KOSTNER, A., THÖNI, M., 1991: Petrologic constraints for Eo-alpine eclogite facies metamorphism in the Austroalpine Ötztal basement. - Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 237-254.

CADISCH, J., FUCHS, G., LOACKER, H., OBERHAUSER, R., PIRKL, H., SPRINGHORN, R., THÖNI, M., 1990: Geologische Karte der Republik Österreich 1:50.000, Blatt 170 Galtür (Hrsg. Geologische Bundesanstalt Wien).

THÖNI, M., 1988: Rb-Sr isotopic resetting in mylonites and pseudotachylites: implications for the detachment and thrusting of the Austroalpine basement nappes in the Eastern Alps. - Jb. Geol. B.-A., 131/1, 169-201, Wien.

STUTZ, E., THÖNI, M., 1987: The lower Paleozoic Nyimaling granite in the Indian Himalaya (Ladakh): new Rb-Sr data versus zircon typology. - Geol. Rundschau, 76/2, 307-315, Stuttgart.

FRANK, W., KRALIK, M., SCHARBERT, S., THÖNI, M., 1987: Geochronolgical Data from the Eastern Alps. [in:] H.W. FLÜGEL and P. FAUPL (eds.): Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps, 272-281, Wien (Deuticke).

THÖNI, M., HOINKES, G., 1987: The Southern Ötztal Basement: Geochronological and Petrological Consequences of Eoalpine Metamorphic Overprinting. [in:] H.W. FLÜGEL and P. FAUPL (eds.): Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps, 200-213, Wien (Deuticke).

THÖNI, M., 1986: The Rb-Sr thin Slab Isochron Method - an Unrealiable Geochronologic Method for Dating Geologic Events in Polymetamorphic Terrains? - Mem. Sci. Geol., 38, 283-352, Padova.

THÖNI, M., with contributions by HOINKES, G., 1983: The Thermal Climax of the Early Alpine Metamorphism in the Austroalpine Thrust Sheet. - Mem. Sci. Geol., 36, 211-238, Padova.

HONEGGER, K., DIETRICH, V., FRANK, W., GANSSER, A., THÖNI, M., TROMMSDORFF, V., 1982: Magmatism and metamorphism in the Ladakh Himalayas (the Indus-Tsangpo suture zone). - Earth Plan. Sci. Lett., 60 (1982), 253-292, Amsterdam.

THÖNI, M., 1982: Der Einfluß der kretazischen Metamorphose im Westabschnitt der ostalpinen Einheit: Interpretation geochronologischer Daten. - Mitt. Ges. Geol. Bergbaustud. Österr., 28, 17-34, Wien.

THÖNI, M., 1981: Degree and Evolution of the Alpine Metamorphism in the Austroalpine Unit W of the Hohe Tauern in the light of K/Ar and Rb/Sr Age Determinations on Micas. - Jahrb. Geol. B.-A., 124/1, 111-174, Wien.

THÖNI, M., 1980: Distribution of pre-Alpine and Alpine Metamorphism of the Southern Ötztal Mass and the Scarl Unit, based on K/Ar Age Determinations. - Mitt. Österr. geol. Ges., 71/72 (1978/1979), 139-165, Wien.

THÖNI, M., 1980: Zur Westbewegung der Ötztaler Masse. Räumliche und zeitliche Fragen an der Schlinigüberschiebung. - Mitt. Ges. Geol. Bergbaustud. Österr., 26, 247-275, Wien.

FRANK, W., THÖNI, M., PURTSCHELLER, F., 1977: Geology and Petrography of Kulu-South-Lahul Area. - Coll. Int. C.N.R.S., 268, 147-172, Paris.

FRANK, W., ALBER, J., THÖNI, M., 1977: Jungalpine K/Ar-Alter von Hellglimmern aus dem Permotriaszug von Mauls- Penserjoch (Südtirol). - Sitzber. Österr. Akad. Wiss., math.-naturwiss. Kl., 1977, 102-107, Wien.

THÖNI, M., 1977: Geology, Structural Evolution and Metamorphic Zoning in the Kulu Valley (Himachal Himalayas, India) with Special Reference to the Reversed Metamorphism. - Mitt. Ges. Geol. Bergbaustud. Österr., 24, 125-187, Wien.

FRANK, W., HOINKES, G., MILLER, Ch., PURTSCHELLER, F., RICHTER, W., THÖNI, M., 1973: Relation between metamorphism and orogeny in a Typical Section of the Indian Himalayas. - Tschermaks miner.-petrogr. Mitt., 20, 303-332, Wien.

THÖNI, M., 1973: Ein neues Sedimentvorkommen nahe dem Westrand des Ötztaler Altkristallins und einige Bemerkungen zur Deutung der Permotrias des Jaggl als Fenster. - Verh. Geol. B.-A., 1973/2, 235-242, Wien.

Popular scientific publications (mainly contributions in books):

THÖNI, M., 2018: Building Mountains and Highlands – Geology of West Tibet. (In): Thöni, M.: Kailash – Guge, Tibetan Temples for the Gods of India, 319-369 (with 50 panorama photos and illustrations). Gnas (Weishaupt).


THÖNI, M., 2016: Das Entstehen von Gebirgen und Hochländern – zur Geologie Tibets. (In): Thöni, M.: Kailash – Guge: Tempel für Indiens Götter, 289-320 (mit 31 Farbabb. und Strichzeichnungen). Gnas (Weishaupt Verlag).


THÖNI, M., 2012: A River – a Valley – an Entire Mountain Range: Sutlej, Mouth of the Elephant. (In): Thöni, M.: Gesichter des Himalaja – Faces of the Himalayas, 136-157, Gnas (Weishaupt Verlag).


THÖNI, M., 2010: Geologie von Langtaufers (+ Anhang). (In): Talbuch Langtaufers, von H. Raffeiner, P. Eller, E. Joos, A. Stecher (Hrsgb., i. A. d. Gemeinde Graun), 575-600, Meran (Tappeiner Verlag).

THÖNI, M., 1999: Zur Geologie des Himalaya-Tibet-Raumes. (In): Thöni, M.: Westtibet, 153-191, mit 55 Farb-Abb. u. Strichzeichnungen, Gnas (Weishaupt Verlag).

THÖNI, M., 1997: Das "Krampusloch": eine bemerkenswerte natürliche Felsformation am Talausgang von Langtaufers (Gemeinde Graun, Südtirol). - Farb-Poster und Faltblatt (4 S.), Graun/V.

International cooperation:

  • 1988-1996: Visiting Scientist, Institute of Cosmochemistry, Max-Planck Institute at Mainz, Germany (H. Wänke; E. Jagoutz); isotope analytical work using the Sm-Nd, Rb-Sr, U-Pb (Pb-Pb) and Re-Os methods.
  • 1986: Visiting Scientist, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Leeds, UK (R.A. Cliff); REE and Sm-Nd isotope analysis of high-P minerals from the Eastern Alps
  • 1982/83: Visiting Scientist, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, UK (R.K. O'Nions, R. Oxburgh); Nd isotope analysis from British river sediments and particulates from the Atlantic
  • 1978: University of Münster, Germany (B. Grauert; W. Todt); U-Pb zircon dating (magmatic rocks from the Himalayas)
  • 1978: University of Basel, Switzerland (M. Frey); illite crystallinity analysis in very-low-grade metamorphic rocks