Logo der Universität Wien

Evolution of nanostructure and specific surface area during thermally driven dehydration of Mg(OH)2

Autoren:Pimminger, H.Habler, G.Freiberger, N. (Technology Center) Abart, R.
Abstrakt:

The thermally induced dehydration of micrometer-sized particles of Mg(OH)2 was investigated experimentally at ambient pressure and temperatures ranging from 350 to 1300 °C. Reaction progress is correlated with the evolution of the specific surface area and of the particle internal nanostructure. The maximum specific surface area of about 320 m2/g corresponding to a 70-fold increase relative to the starting material is obtained after heat treatment at 350 °C for about 2 h. This is due to the formation of a highly porous, particle-internal nanostructure comprised of newly crystallized strictly aligned, cube-shaped and nanometer-sized crystals of MgO and about 50 vol% porosity. Associated with the dehydration, intensive fracturing and defoliation occurs parallel to the (0001) plane of the original Mg(OH)2 or (111) of the topotaxially grown MgO. After heat treatment at increasingly higher temperatures, enhanced coarsening and sintering of the MgO crystals and healing of cracks leads to a successive decrease of the specific surface area. After heat treatment at 1300 °C for 2.5 h, the specific surface area has decreased to 5 m2/g close to the value typical for the original Mg(OH)2.

Sprache:Englisch
Anzahl der Seiten:10
Publikationsdatum:1.1.2016
Journal Titel:Physics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume:43
Nummer:1
Seiten:59-68
Links:
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00269-015-0774-5
Publikations Typ:Artikel
Kontakt
Department of Lithospheric Research
University of Vienna
Althanstraße 14 (UZA II)
1090 Vienna

T: +43-1-4277-534 01
F: +43-1-4277-95 34
Universität Wien | Universitätsring 1 | 1010 Wien | T +43-1-4277-0