Production of hybrid granitic magma at the advancing front of basaltic underplating
|Untertitel:||Inferences from the Sesia Magmatic System (south-western Alps, Italy)|
|Autoren:||Sinigoi, Silvano (Dipartimento di Matematica e Geoscienze) Quick, James E. (Southern Methodist University) Demarchi, Gabriella (Università degli Studi di Trieste) Klötzli, Urs S.|
The Permian Sesia Magmatic System of the southwestern Alps displays the plumbing system beneath a Permian caldera, including a deep crustal gabbroic complex, upper crustal granite plutons and a bimodal volcanic field dominated by rhyolitic tuff filling the caldera. Isotopic compositions of the deep crustal gabbro overlap those of coeval andesitic basalts, whereas granites define a distinct, more radiogenic cluster (Sri ≈ 0.708 and 0.710, respectively). AFC computations starting from the best mafic candidate for a starting melt show that Nd and Sr isotopic compositions and trace elements of andesitic basalts may be modeled by reactive bulk assimilation of ≈. 30% of partially depleted crust and ≈. 15%-30% gabbro fractionation. Trace elements of the deep crustal gabbro cumulates require a further ≈. 60% fractionation of the andesitic basalt and loss of ≈. 40% of silica-rich residual melt. The composition of the granite plutons is consistent with a mixture of relatively constant proportions of residual melt delivered from the gabbro and anatectic melt. Chemical and field evidence leads to a conceptual model which links the production of the two granitic components to the evolution of the Mafic Complex. During the growth of the Mafic Complex, progressive incorporation of packages of crustal rocks resulted in a roughly steady state rate of assimilation. Anatectic granite originates in the hot zone of melting crust located above the advancing mafic intrusion. Upward segregation of anatectic melts facilitates the assimilation of the partially depleted restite by stoping. At each cycle of mafic intrusion and incorporation, residual and anatectic melts are produced in roughly constant proportions, because the amount of anatectic melt produced at the roof is a function of volume and latent heat of crystallization of the underplated mafic melt which in turn produces proportional amounts of hybrid gabbro cumulates and residual melt. Such a process can explain the restricted range in isotopic compositions of most rhyolitic and granitic rocks of the Permo-Carboniferous province of Europe and elsewhere.
|Anzahl der Seiten:||14|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2016.02.018|