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Complicated secondary textures in zircon record evolution of the host granitic rocks

Untertitel:Studies from Western Tauern Window and Ötztal-Stubai Crystalline Complex (Eastern Alps, Western Austria)
Autoren:Kovaleva, Elizaveta (University of the Free State) Harlov, Daniel (Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum) Klötzli, Urs

Samples of metamorphosed and deformed granitic rocks were collected from two Alpine complexes with well-constrained metamorphic history: Western Tauern Window and Ötztal-Stubai Crystalline Complex. Zircon grains from these samples were investigated in situ by a combination of scanning electron microscope techniques, cathodoluminescence (CL) imaging and Raman spectroscopy. The aims were: to describe and interpret complicated secondary textures and microstructures in zircon; based on cross-cutting relationships between secondary microstructures, reconstruct the sequence of processes, affecting zircon crystals; link the evolution of zircon with the history of the host rocks. The results indicate that zircon in the sampled granitic rocks forms growth twins and multi-grain aggregates, which are unusual for this mineral. Moreover, various secondary textures have been found in the sampled zircon, often cross-cutting each other in a single crystal. These include: distorted oscillatory CL zoning with inner zones forming inward-penetrating, CL-bright embayments, which are the evidence of dry recrystallization via annealing/lattice recovery; CL mosaicism with no preservation of growth zoning, but abundant nano- and micro-scale pores and mineral inclusions, which are the evidence of recrystallization by coupled dissolution–reprecipitation and/or leaching; embayed zircon boundaries filled with apatite, monazite, epidote and mylonitic matrix, indicating mineral-fluid reactions resulting in zircon dissolution and fragmentation; overgrowth CL-dark rims, which contain nano-pores and point to transport and precipitation of dissolved zircon matter. We conclude that zircon in our meta-granites is sensitive to metamorphism/deformation events, and was reactive with metamorphic fluids. Additionally, we have found evidence of crystal-plastic deformation in the form of low angle boundaries and bent grain tips, which is a result of shearing and ductile deformation of the host rock. We suggest that the observed complicated secondary textures in zircon can be linked to the evolutionary stages of the host rocks such as magmatic crystallization, prograde metamorphism, peak of amphibolite-facies metamorphism, post-peak cooling and exhumation, formation of ductile shear zones and final cooling to ~ 250 °C.

Anzahl der Seiten:20
Journal Titel:Lithos
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2017.04.018
Publikations Typ:Artikel
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