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Immiscible silicate liquids and phosphoran olivine in Netschaëvo IIE silicate

Untertitel:Analogue for planetesimal core–mantle boundaries
Autoren:Van Roosbroek, Nadia (Université Libre de Bruxelles) Hamann, Christopher (Museum für Naturkunde Berlin - Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung) McKibbin, Seann (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) Greshake, Ansgar (Museum für Naturkunde Berlin - Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung) Wirth, Richard (Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum) Pittarello, Lidia (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) Hecht, Lutz (Museum für Naturkunde Berlin - Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung) Claeys, Philippe (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) Debaille, Vinciane (Université Libre de Bruxelles)

We have investigated a piece of the Netschaëvo IIE iron meteorite containing a silicate inclusion by means of electron microprobe analysis (EMPA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Netschaëvo contains chondrule-bearing clasts and impact melt rock clasts were also recently found. The examined inclusion belongs to the latter and is characterized by a porphyritic texture dominated by clusters of coarse-grained olivine and pyroxene, set in a fine-grained groundmass that consists of new crystals of olivine and a hyaline matrix. This matrix material has a quasi-basaltic composition in the inner part of the inclusion, whereas the edge of the inclusion has a lower SiO2 concentration and is enriched in MgO, P2O5, CaO, and FeO. Close to the metal host, the inclusion also contains euhedral Mg-chromite crystals and small (<2 μm), Si-rich globules. A TEM foil was cut from this glassy, silico-phosphate material. It shows that the material consists of elongated olivine crystallites containing up to 14 wt% P2O5, amorphous material, and interstitial Cl-apatite crystals. The Si-rich silicate glass globules show a second population of Fe-rich silicate glass droplets, indicating they formed by silicate liquid immiscibility. Together with the presence of phosphoran olivine and quenched Cl-apatite, these textures suggest rapid cooling and quenching as a consequence of an impact event. Moreover, the enrichment of phosphorus in the silicate inclusion close to the metal host (phosphoran olivine and Cl-apatite) indicates that phosphorus re-partitioned from the metal into the silicate phase upon cooling. This probably also took place in pallasite meteorites that contain late-crystallizing phases rich in phosphorus. Accordingly, our findings suggest that oxidation of phosphorus might be a general process in core–mantle environments, bearing on our understanding of planetesimal evolution. Thus, the Netschaëvo sample serves as a natural planetesimal core–mantle boundary experiment and based on our temperature estimates, the following sequence of events takes place: (i) precipitation of olivine (1400–1360 °C), (ii) re-partitioning of phosphorus from the metal into the silicate phase, and (iii) formation of immiscible melts (1230–1115 °C).

Anzahl der Seiten:18
Journal Titel:Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2016.10.042
Publikations Typ:Artikel
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