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Rainer ABART, Univ. Prof. Mag. Dr.

rainer.abart@univie.ac.at

Room Number: 2B325
Tel.: +43-1-4277-53319
Fax: +43-1-4277-9534


Research Interests:

  • Theoretical petrology
  • Petrological Thermodynamics
  • Kinetics of mineral reactions
  • Diffusion in the solid state
  • Diffusive phase transformations
  • Fluid-rock interaction
  • Microstructure and texture evolution in reactive systems
  • Coupled reaction and deformation


Current professional service activities:

  • Head of Department of Lithospheric Research, University of Vienna
  • Vice-Director of studies program in Earth Sciences, University of Vienna
  • Speaker/co-speaker of DFG-FWF research group FOR 741 – DACH
  • Member of directory board of Austrian Mineralogical Association
  • Austria's national representative at IMA
  • Reviewer for various international scientific journals and for international funding organizations


Recent and current projects (responsible PI only):

2010 – 2014   
DFG grant “Mineral reactions under non-isostatic stress”

2010 – 2015   
FWF grant FWF I471-N19 “Alkali interdiffusion and exsolution in alkali feldspar”

2010 – 2014   
University of Vienna grant for doctoral school: “Deformation of Geological Materials”

2013 – 2016   
RHI industry grant for experiments on sintering of magnesia

2015 – 2017   
FWF grant FWF I2066-N29 “Mineral inclusions as petrogenetic indicators: modern oceanic crust

2015 – 2017   
EU Grant “Interfacial reactions”


Publications (2009 - present):

Sortieren: Datum | Autor | Titel

Ageeva, O., Abart, R., & Habler, G. (2012). An EBSD study of feldspathoid-potassium feldspar intergrowths in rocks of the Khibiny Massif and implications for genetic interpretation. Unknown Journal.
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Effenberger, H. S., & Abart, R. (2017). Austrian Mineralogical Society. Elements: an international magazine of mineralogy, geochemistry, and petrology, 13(2), 139.
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Guzmics, T., Mitchell, R., Szabo, C., Berkesi, M., Milke, R., & Abart, R. (2011). Carbonatite melt inclusions in coexisting magnetite, apatite and monticellite in Kerimasi calciocarbonatite, Tanzania: melt evolution and petrogenesis. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 161(2), 177-196.
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Scheidl, K. S., Schäffer, A-K., Petrishcheva, E., Habler, G., Fischer, F. D., Schreuer, J., & Abart, R. (2013). Chemically induced fracturing in alkali feldspar. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 1-16. DOI: 10.1007/s00269-013-0617-1
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Bestel, M., Gawronski, T., Abart, R., & Rhede, D. (2009). Compositional zoning of garnet porphyroblasts from the polymetamorphic Wölz Complex, Eastern Alps. Mineralogy and Petrology. DOI: 10.1007/s00710-009-0084-z
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Griffiths, T., Habler, G., & Abart, R. (2016). Crystallographic orientation relationships in host–inclusion systems: New insights from large EBSD data sets. American Mineralogist: an international journal of earth and planetary materials, 101(3), 690-705. DOI: 10.2138/am-2016-5442
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Proyer, A., Habler, G., Abart, R., Wirth, R., & Hoinkes, G. (Eds.) (2011). Crystallographic preferred orientation of rutile needles in highgrade garnet: precipitates or the result of epitactic overgrowth? Unknown publisher.
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Kovaleva, E., Kloetzli, U., Habler, G., & Abart, R. (2015). Crystal-plastic deformation of zircon and its effects on microchemistry and geochronology. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, 161, 89.
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Joachim, B., Wohlers, A., Norberg, N., Gardes, E., Petrishcheva, E., & Abart, R. (2013). Diffusion and solubility of hydrogen and water in periclase. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 40(1), 19-27. DOI: 10.1007/s00269-012-0542-8
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Habler, G., Spacek, P., & Abart, R. (2012). Domain structure and texture in fine grained symplectite from garnet breakdown in peridotite xenoliths (Zinst, Bavaria, Bohemian Massif). Geophysical Research Abstracts (GRA).
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Habler, G., Abart, R., & Spacek, P. (Eds.) (2011). Domain structure in fine-grained orthopyroxene-plagioclase-spinel symplectite in basanite hosted mantle xenoliths from Zinst (Bavaria). Unknown publisher.
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Abart, R., Svoboda, J., Jeřabek, P., Povoden-Karadenitz, E., & Habler, G. (2015). Element partitioning at reaction interfaces in a reactive diffusion setting: Spinel layer growth in the MgO-Al2O3 system, experiment and thermodynamic model. In M. Militzer (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations in Inorganic Materials : PTM 2015 : held June 28-July 3, 2015 at Westin Whistler Resort & Spa, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada (pp. 353-354). Warrendale, Pennsylvania: Warrendale, Pa. TMS.
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Keller, L. M., Goetze, L. C., Rybacki, E., Dresen, G., & Abart, R. (2010). Enhancement of solid-state reaction rates by non-hydrostatic stress effects on polycrystalline diffusion kinetics. American Mineralogist: an international journal of earth and planetary materials, 95(10), 1399-1407. DOI: 10.2138/am.2010.3372
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Abart, R. (2010). Erratum to: Source of parental melts to carbonatites — critical isotopic onstraints (by Keith Bell and Antonio Simonetti). Mineralogy and Petrology, 99(3-4), 241-241. DOI: 10.1007/s00710-010-0118-6
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Pimminger, H., Habler, G., Freiberger, N., & Abart, R. (2016). Evolution of nanostructure and specific surface area during thermally driven dehydration of Mg(OH)2. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 43(1), 59-68. DOI: 10.1007/s00269-015-0774-5
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Joachim, B., Gardes, E., Abart, R., & Heinrich, W. (2011). Experimental growth of Ayenkermanite reaction rims between wollastonite and monticellite: evidence for volume diffusion control. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 161(3), 389-399. DOI: 10.1007/s00410-010-0538-7
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Joachim, B., Gardes, E., Velickov, B., Abart, R., & Heinrich, W. (2012). Experimental growth of diopside plus merwinite reaction rims: The effect of water on microstructure development. American Mineralogist: an international journal of earth and planetary materials, 97(1), 220-230. DOI: 10.2138/am.2011.3819
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Neusser, G., Abart, R., Fischer, F. D., Harlov, D., & Norberg, N. (2012). Experimental Na/K exchange between alkali feldspar and an NaCl-KCl salt melt: chemically induced fracturing and element partitioning: Chemically induced fracturing and element partitioning. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 164(2), 341-358. DOI: 10.1007/s00410-012-0741-9
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Abart, R., Petrishcheva, E., Rhede, D., & Wirth, R. (2009). Exsolution by spinodal decomposition: II: perthite formation during slow cooling of anatexites from Ngornghoro, Tanzania. American Journal of Science: an international earth science journal, 309, 450-475. DOI: 10.2475/06.2009.02.
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Petrishcheva, E., & Abart, R. (2012). Exsolution by spinodal decomposition in multicomponent mineral solutions. Acta Materialia, 60(15), 5481-5493. DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2012.07.006
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Petrishcheva, E., & Abart, R. (2009). Exsolution by spinodal decomposition:I: evolution equation for binary mineral solutions with anisotropic interface energy. American Journal of Science: an international earth science journal, (309, 431-449, DOI 10.2475/06.2009.01).
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Spacek, P., Ackerman, L., Habler, G., Abart, R., & Ulrych, J. (2013). Garnet Breakdown, Symplectite Formation and Melting in Basanite-hosted Peridotite Xenoliths from Zinst (Bavaria, Bohemian Massif). Journal of Petrology, 54(8), 1691-1723. DOI: 10.1093/petrology/egt028
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Pittarello, L., Habler, G., Abart, R., & Rhede, D. (2015). Garnet growth in frictional melts of the Ivrea Zone (Italy). Italian journal of geosciences, 134(1), 149-161. DOI: 10.3301/IJG.2014.53
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Marquardt, K., Petrishcheva, E., Gardes, E., Wirth, R., Abart, R., & Heinrich, W. (2011). Grain boundary and volume diffusion experiments in yttrium aluminium garnet bicrystals at 1,723 K: a miniaturized study. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 162(4), 739-749.
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Goetze, L. C., Abart, R., Milke, R., Schorr, S., Zizak, I., Dohmen, R., & Wirth, R. (2014). Growth of magnesio-aluminate spinel in thin film geometry — in-situ monitoring using synchrotron radiation and thermodynamic model. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 41(9), 681-693. DOI: 10.1007/s00269-014-0682-0
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Taj¿manová, L., Abart, R., Neusser, G., & Rhede, D. (2011). Growth of plagioclase rims around metastable kyanite during decompression of high-pressure felsic granulites (Bohemian Massif). Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 29(9), 1003-1018.
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Kaindl, R., Bayer, B. C., Resel, R., Müller, T., Skakalova, V., Habler, G.,... Waldhauser, W. (2017). Growth, structure and stability of sputter-deposited MoS2 thin films. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 8, 1115-1126. DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.8.113
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Kuleci, I. H., Schmidt, C. S., Rybacki, E., Petrishcheva, E., & Abart, R. (2016). Hydration of periclase at 350°C to 620°C and 200 MPa: Experimental calibration of reaction rate. Mineralogy and Petrology, 110(1), 1-10. [10.1007/s00710-015-0414-2 ]. DOI: 10.1007/s00710-015-0414-2
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Bayer, B. C., Bosworth, D. A., Michaelis, F. B., Blume, R., Habler, G., Abart, R.,... Hofmann, S. (2016). In Situ Observations of Phase Transitions in Metastable Nickel (Carbide)/Carbon Nanocomposites. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part C (Nanomaterials and Interfaces), 120(39), 22571-22584. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b01555
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Abart, R., Svoboda, J., Jerabek, P., Povoden-Karadeniz, E., & Habler, G. (2016). INTERLAYER GROWTH KINETICS OF A BINARY SOLID-SOLUTION BASED ON THE THERMODYNAMIC EXTREMAL PRINCIPLE: APPLICATION TO THE FORMATION OF SPINEL AT PERICLASE-CORUNDUM CONTACTS. American Journal of Science: an international earth science journal, 316(4), 309-328. DOI: 10.2475/04.2016.01
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Tajcmanova, L., Abart, R., Wirth, R., Habler, G., & Rhede, D. (2012). Intracrystalline microstructures in alkali feldspars from fluid-deficient felsic granulites: a mineral chemical and TEM study. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 164(4), 715-729. DOI: 10.1007/s00410-012-0772-2
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Griffiths, T., Habler, G., Abart, R., & Rhede, D. (2013). Intragranular deformation and submicron inclusion re-equilibration. Geophysical Research Abstracts (GRA), 15.
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Li, C., Pennycook, T., Mangler, C., Habler, G., Abart, R., Jerabek, P., & Götze, L. C. (2015). INVESTIGATING CORUNDUM/SPINEL/PERICLASE INTERFACE MIGRATION IN THE ATOMIC SCALE VIA SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY. MITT.ÖSTERR.MINER.GES. , 161.
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Nasdala, L., Lenz, C., Artac, A., Akhmadaliev, S., Vaczi, T., Habler, G., & Abart, R. (2014). Ion and electron irradiation: Tools to study radiation damage in Minerals. In Book of Abstracts of the XVIII International Conference - Crystal Chemistry, X-ray Diffraction and Spectroscopy of Minerals - 2014 (pp. 125-127)
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El Maanaoui, H., Wilangowski, F., Maheshwari, A., Wiemhöfer, H-D., Abart, R., & Stolwijk, N. A. (2016). Ionic conductivity in gem‑quality single‑crystal alkali feldspar from the Eifel: temperature, orientation and composition dependence. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 43(5), 327–340. DOI: 10.1007/s00269-015-0797-y
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Schäffer, A-K., Jaepel, T., Zäfferer, S., Abart, R., & Rhede, D. (2014). Lattice strain across Na-K interdiffusion fronts in alkali feldspar: an electron backscatter diffraction study. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 41(10), 795-804. DOI: 10.1007/s00269-014-0692-y
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Griffiths, T., Habler, G., Rhede, D., Wirth, R., Ram, F., & Abart, R. (2014). Localization of submicron inclusion re-equilibration at healed fractures in host garnet. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(6), 1 - 21. DOI: 10.1007/s00410-014-1077-4
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Ntaflos, T., Bizimis, M., & Abart, R. (2017). Mantle xenoliths from Szentbekalla, Balaton: Geochemical and petrological constraints on the evolution of the lithospheric mantle underneath Pannonian Basin, Hungary. Lithos, 276, 30-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2016.12.018
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Milke, R., Abart, R., Kunze, K., Koch-Müller, M., Schmid, D. W., & Ulmer, P. (2009). Matrix rheology effects on reaction rim growth I: evidence from orthopyroxene rim growth experiments. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 27, 71-82.
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Schmid, D. W., Abart, R., Podladchikov, Y. Y., & Milke, R. (2009). Matrix rheology effects on reaction rim growth II: coupled diffusion and creep model. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 27, 83-91.
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Abart, R., Heuser, D., & Habler, G. (2014). Mechanisms of myrmekite formation: case study from the Weinsberg granite, Moldanubian zone, Upper Austria. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5). DOI: 10.1007/s00410-014-1074-7
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Nemeth, B., Toeroek, K., Kovacs, I., Szabo, C., Abart, R., Degi, J.,... Nemeth, C. (2015). Melting, fluid migration and fluid-rock interactions in the lower crust beneath the Bakony-Balaton Highland volcanic field: a silicate melt and fluid inclusion study. Mineralogy and Petrology, 109(2), 217-234. DOI: 10.1007/s00710-015-0366-6
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Jerabek, P., Abart, R., Rybacki, E., & Habler, G. (2014). Microstructure and texture evolution during growth of magnesio-aluminate spinel at corundum - periclase interfaces under uniaxial load: the effect of stress concentration on reaction progress. American Journal of Science: an international earth science journal, 314(5), 940-965. DOI: 10.2475/05.2014.02
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Taj¿manová, L., Abart, R., Wirth, R., & Rhede, D. (2011). microtextures in alkali feldspars from apparently fluid deficient felsic granulites: A chemical and TEM study. In Geophysical Research Abstracts Unknown publisher.
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Svoboda, J., Fischer, F. D., & Abart, R. (2010). Modeling of diffusional phase transformation in multi-component systems with stoichiometric phases. Acta Materialia, 58(8), 2905-2911. DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2010.01.019
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Svoboda, J., Fischer, F. D., & Abart, R. (2012). Modeling the role of sources and sinks for vacancies on the kinetics of diffusive phase transformation in binary systems with several stoichiometric phases. Philosophical Magazine Letters, 92(2), 67-76.
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Schäffer, A-K., Rhede, D., Habler, G., Petrishcheva, E., & Abart, R. (2012). Na/K-interdiffusion in alkali feldspar: new data on diffusion anisotropy and composition dependence from cation exchange experiments. Unknown Journal.
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Schäffer, A-K., Petrishcheva, E., Rhede, D., & Abart, R. (2012). Na-K-Interdiffusion in Alkali Feldspars. Geophysical Research Abstracts (GRA), 14.
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Khisina, N. R., Wirth, R., Abart, R., Rhede, D., & Heinrich, W. (2013). Oriented chromite-diopside symplectic inclusions in olivine from lunar regolith delivered by "Luna-24" mission. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 104, 84-98. DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2012.10.050
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Ageeva, O. A., Abart, R., Habler, G., Borutzky, B. Y., & Trubkin, N. V. (2012). Oriented feldspar-feldspathoid intergrowths in rocks of the Khibiny massif: genetic implications. Mineralogy and Petrology, 106(1-2), 1-17. DOI: 10.1007/s00710-012-0216-8
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Department of Lithospheric Research
University of Vienna
Althanstraße 14 (UZA II)
1090 Vienna

T: +43-1-4277-534 01
F: +43-1-4277-95 34
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